The loss of facial volume can highlight the bony lines of the temples and around the eyes and make the cheeks appear flatter and less complete. Only in the last decade has the effect of reduced face volume on the appearance of ageing been fully established. Genetics determines facial contour and definition, which is why some people have prominent chins and cheekbones while others have rounder faces with softer features. Whether the issue is connected to ageing or simply facial structure, there are treatments to raise the facial volume and improve the appearance of the face using facial fat transfer, facial implants, or dermal fillers.
A Facial Fat transfer can help treat Sagging Skin:
Fat transfer, also known as fat grafting, is a natural, minimally invasive surgical operation that transfers fat from a large part of the body to the face to restore lost volume. Modern liposuction techniques are used to carefully remove the fat, which is subsequently prepared for injection into the face. This results in a very natural appearance, with a low chance of infection or rejection by the body. Nasolabial folds (between the nose and the lips), marionette lines (between the lips and the chin), flattened cheeks, sagging jaws, and hollows beneath the eyes are all common treatment regions.
Facial implants are most commonly utilised to alter facial contour and volume in younger patients who want more pronounced cheekbones or chin. Tiny implants are surgically implanted in regions requiring augmentation to permanently improve facial shape.
Eligible Patients for Facial Fat Transfer and Implants
Each surgery to restore face volume has various eligibility requirements, and your particular candidature will be reviewed during your appointment. According to the basic standards, patients should be healthy individuals with realistic expectations who can benefit from cosmetic surgery. Patients receiving the facial fat transfer must have enough fat to harvest and be at a steady weight before treatment. Fillers are quite a low risk, and the candidature requirements for these procedures are not particularly stringent.
If you are a good candidate for fat transfer surgery, you should now concentrate on your medical centre. Your doctors should be licenced and have extensive experience in their profession. To achieve the finest outcomes, always select a reputable medical centre such as Rattinan.
Procedure and Techniques for Facial Fat Transfer and Implants
Fat transfer is a relatively painless treatment. However, there are multiple phases involved. There are three stages involved in the fat grafting procedure:
- Fat harvesting
- Fat processing
- Fat transfer
1) Fat Harvesting: Fat is initially received from the donor’s selected sites because of the presence of additional fat reservoirs. The most common donor sites are the abdomen, periumbilical area, buttocks, medial-lateral, and anterior thighs. Sometimes the fat harvested from the neck may be used in this process if submental liposuction is combined with a facelift and autologous fat grafting. Other donor sites typically provide higher-quality fat that is more likely to survive and produce the desired result.
2) Fat Processing: Following harvest, the fat solution contains several additional components such as oil, dead adipocytes, blood, and local anaesthetic. These factors may impair graft uptake by promoting necrosis, inflammation, and vasoconstriction. To increase the viability of the transferred fat, processing or refining can be done in one of three ways:
- Sedimentation: Syringes are left upright for 45 minutes to allow gravity to separate the various components. It is the most cost-effective and causes the least amount of damage to the adipocytes, but it is the most time-consuming.
- Centrifugation: Condensed fat can be obtained by centrifuging for 1 to 3 minutes at 3,000 rpm, as preferred by Coleman. Although overly aggressive centrifuge settings may reduce graft viability, this is a quick and reliable method of separating the elements.
- Washing and filtering: A strainer or gauze can clean and refine fat. The harvested fat is placed in a colander or non-adherent gauze and rinsed with saline. This procedure is inexpensive and quick, with minor adipocyte damage; once the extra material is removed, the fat is ready to be transferred into syringes.
3) Fat Transfer: The fat is injected into the recipient sites after the processed middle layer is transferred to multiple 1 mL syringes. To avoid damaging the adipocytes, remove the plungers from the 1 mL syringes and fill the syringes from the open back rather than withdrawing the plunger and aspirating the fat up through the Luer-lock end of the needle.
A stab incision is then made with an 18 ga needle to gain access to the recipient area. Because puncture sites heal without visible scarring, the location of the stab incision is chosen to provide access to as many recipient sites as possible rather than hiding the incision in facial subunit borders. After inserting the cannula into the target area, multiple passes of 0.1 mL are used to deliver the fat parcels. The fat should be supplied with withdrawing movements to deposit the fat with minimal resistance and avoid intravascular injection.
Recovery from the surgery:
The recovery time of facial fat transfer varies from patient to patient, but most people should take at least 7-10 days off from work and other social activities. It takes a few weeks for the swelling to go down before the full results are apparent. Though the recovery period for fat transfer is concise, patients should allow enough time to recuperate correctly. Patients should notice ultimate outcomes in approximately six months. However, improvement should be visible in just a few days following surgery.
Facial implant recovery is a relatively simple procedure requiring at least a week of rest before returning to work and other daily activities. Exercise will be restricted for several weeks, and while the results should be seen straight away, swelling will prevent you from seeing the complete outcome of the treatment at first. Swelling should gradually reduce and be completely resolved six months after the treatment.
Choose the right medical center to avoid fat transfer complications:
Remember that not all clinics have the equipment and experienced staff to conduct this surgery successfully. If not done with expertise and proper precautions, fat transfer surgery can show a lot of complications. Bruising, oedema, Overcorrection, Undercorrection, Pyogenic granulomas, Blistering, Scarring, Tissue bunching, and Fat embolism are the common problems patients may face because of unprofessional facial fat transfer. So always choose a reliable clinic Like Rattinan Medical Center for your Fat Transfer Surgery.